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Children need to do activities that suit their age and stage of development. It is important to get the age and stage right for the children you are working with, activities that are too hard will be discouraging and the child will feel as it is failing. Children can learn from new activities and experiences that are interesting and a little bit challenging. At age 3 children are in the pre-operational stage.

The pre-operational stage is from the age of two to seven years. The most important development at this time is language. Children develop an internal representation of the world that allows them to describe people, events, and feelings.

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In the pre-operational stage children can use symbols, they can pretend when driving their toy car across the couch that the couch is actually a bridge. Although the thinking of the child is more advanced than when it was in the sensorimotor stage, it is still qualitatively inferior to that of an adult. Children in the preoperational stage are characterised by what Piaget called egocentric thoughts. The world at this stage is viewed entirely from the child’s own perspective. There for a child’s explanation to an adult can be uninformative. In Piaget’s theory he states that at age 3 children can use symbols, and they can use pretend play.

At this age children will develop a range of language skills, they will start to recognise words by sound and spelling. Piaget sates that cognitive structures change through the processes of adaptation: assimilation and accommodation. Cognitive development consists of a constant effort to adapt to the environment in terms of assimilation (interpreting events in the present) and accommodation (events in a changing cognitive structure. )

Tom especially shows the early signs of this cognitive structure. I feel that I accomplished my aim, as I observed the twins while they played in the shop.


Tassoni, P (2000). Diploma in Child Care and Education. Oxford, Heinemann’s.

Dilasion, K (2001) The ages and stages of children. Cambridge, lion books ltd.

Emily Carr 02/112694

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