Nineteen Eighty-Four is the terrifying prophecy for mankind through a scientifically proven servile state and the extermination of political freedom by thought crime and an ideologically basic language of Newspeak in which thoughtcrime is death. ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ is the year in which it happens. The world is divided into three great powers Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Each of these powers is at war with the other.
Oceania is principally the combination of the Americas and the British Empire. Throughout Oceania, ‘The Party’ rules by the agency of four ministries, whose power is absolute. The Ministry of Peace which deals with war, the Ministry of Love which deals with Law and Order, the Ministry of Plenty which deals with scarcities, and the Ministry of Truth which deals with propaganda. These authorities keep a check on every action, word, gesture or thought through the use of telescreens and microphones.
These record every movement and sound, which is later scrutinised by the Ministry of Love. The indoctrination of Oceania’s citizens has been the result of fifty or more years of propaganda, which is very similar to propaganda against political ideals of a more threatening position to the dictatorship in which we live under today. The Party is divided into two parts; the Inner Party and Outer Party.
The Inner Party is the most privileged and powerful. The Outer Party is less privileged and work in either one of the Four Ministries. At the very bottom of the hierarchy are the Proles. These live in poverty and can be compared with the working class today. In principle, membership into any tier is determined by an examination taken at the age of sixteen. Nor is there any racial discrimination or marked domination of one province over another.
“Jews, Negroes, South Americans of pure Indian blood are to be found in any rank, even the highest rank of the Party” The official language of Oceania is Newspeak. Which is the shortened, more practical version of English. If any person even gestured towards dislike of ‘The Party’ they would be tortured and then killed. ‘The Party’s’ whole power is built on hatred of one another; even daughters despise their mothers and denounce them to the thought police to be killed.