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“After school was let out in the early afternoon, I waited with all the other first-graders by the school gate. One by one they were greeted and led away by their anxiously hovering mothers. Eventually, I was the only one left. Nobody had come for me” “trembling with fear, I realized that nobody was coming to pick me up” this shows us already she feels forgotten. ” Adeline then proceeded to find her way home by foot “surely if I tried hard enough, I would remember the way home”

Adeline eventually found a phone to call her father at work. Little did Adeline know that work is a place of respect. Afterwards father was able to pick Adeline up after not even realizing she was missing in the first place. When they had arrived home; “he patted me on the head. ‘ next time you go anywhere for the first time’ ‘read this map'” this is an example of how Adeline was influenced to become independent at such a young age.

Even though Adeline felt neglected by her father step mother step siblings as well as siblings, two of her closest friends who seemed to appreciate her more was her grandfather yeye, who appreciated all his grandchildren and her aunt baba, who took Adeline in after her mothers death, and cared for her, aunt baba praised Adeline when she would bring home certificates.

the bond between her grandparents was allot more stronger than the bond between Adeline her father and niang, thus also being an example of common tradition of Chinese culture within household families where the parents are not as much affectionate towards their children as their grandparents or distant relatives were because it is the parents turn to be the role-models, it was their job to teach them they must respect their alders they do so by being firm with their children; An example of this would be when at one point where Ye Ye, aunt baba, big brother and little sister decided to come to visit Adeline’s household.

Little sister was Niangs little baby, But when Niang arrived at the station; (Chapter 7, page 46 and 47) “Niang signaled for her baby to come to her. But, to little sister, her mother was a stranger and she ignored her. Little sister repeatedly said; “Don’t want you! ” “Surprised and hurt, niang bent down to pick up her baby” And little sister repeatedly shouted “Don’t want you! ” “‘Aunt Baba! Aunt Baba! Tell her to go away! go away! ‘ no one said a word as Niang carried her weeping and kicking child to place her firmly on the couch next to her. “‘Keep still!

‘ Niang screamed futilely, again and again, in a piercing voice. ” through out the struggle the long pearled neckless niang had on broke, “This proved simply too much for Niang. Thoroughly exasperated, she gave a stinging slap across her baby’s face. Little Sister only cried louder. Deliberately and viciously, Niang now set about beating her daughter in earnest. Her blows landed indiscriminately on Little Sister’s ears, cheeks, neck and head. This was to teach her daughter to respect her and obey her, good behavior is very important in Chinese culture.

In Chinese traditional culture, the grandfather in the family is suppose to power over the entire family, and is at the top of the hierarchy. after Ye Ye reached a point where he could no longer support himself and nor could aunt Baba, due to financial difficulty, one night around the dinner table, Aunt Baba decided to announce she would return to work at as bank teller to Adeline’s father; (chapter8, page50 and 51. ) Father and Niang looked annoyed. ‘ You don’t need to work like a commoner,’ Father said. ‘ You have everything you need here.

Besides, Ye Ye enjoys your companionship at home. If either of you need money, why don’t you come to us and ask? ” this shows us that to Adeline’s father reputation in the family is very important in Chinese culture “work like a commoner” “How is it possible? I ask myself. Where is Ye Ye’s own money? Is he no longer head of the family? Is he suddenly and mysteriously dependant on father and Niang for pocket-money? It made me cringe to think of my gentle and dignified grandfather begging for pocket-money from my haughty stepmother. ”

This shows us firstly that Adeline’s feels her grandfather is too good of a person to beg from someone such as Niang, and secondly proves Adeline’s disliking towards Niang; “haughty stepmother” With Adeline’s school being one and a half miles from their house. It was a long way to walk from home, her grandfather took pity on Adeline and her siblings and therefore gave them tram fare money without Niang knowing so they might have transport to get to school. Thus being one of the reasons Ye Ye ran out of money. Ye Ye, with his grandchildren at heart, suggested that same night that;

(chapter 8,page 50 and 51 still) “the children should be given a regular weekly allowance” “‘what for? ‘ father asked, turning to us. ‘hasn’t everything been provided for you? ‘” Adeline’s bigger sister then answered “‘we need the tram fare daily to go to school'” Niang is shocked by this comment and insists that the children don’t need tram fare money and that they should walk as walking is good for them. “Big Sister suddenly took the plunge. ‘ Ye Ye has always given us pocket-money. We’re used to going to school by tram. “Niang became enraged.

‘ Your father works so hard to support everyone under this roof,’ she exclaimed in a loud, angry voice, shooting a quick glance at Ye Ye and Aunt Baba. ‘How sneaky you all are to get money from Ye Ye without your father’s knowledge! We send you to expensive schools so you’ll grow up correctly. We certainly don’t want you to be coddled into becoming idle layabouts. Firstly this shows us ye ye is infact not treated like the head of the family but is instead treated like a child” she exclaimed in a loud, angry voice, shooting a quick glance at Ye Ye and Aunt Baba. “as if she were shouting at aunt baba and ye ye aswell.

Secondly.. “We send you to expensive schools so you’ll grow up correctly. We certainly don’t want you to be coddled into becoming idle layabouts. “this shows us by making Adeline and her siblings walk to school it is teaching them to be independant, and obidient,niang believes this would be achieved by given them harsh love,where even though the children do not agree with niangs desision,it is for their own good. this proves to be very effective when Adeline shows a strong and independant sense of character by not giving into niang,for niang also said that same conversation that;

“Admit you’ve been wrong. Promise you’ll change for the better . Come to us and apologise. Tell us from now on you will behave differently. We’ll only give you the tram fare if your’e truly contrite. “this desision is influenced by chinese culture,it is to teach the children to not be sneaky,as honesty is an important value within the culture,and one by one adelines siblings gave into niang,however adeline did not. Chinese New year is an important event in chinese culture,as many things signal a new beggining,such as new clothes to be worn on new years day.

However after Adeline was summoned by niang and her father, who had taken three entier days off work, to be given a “basic brown smock made from material left over from one of big sister’s garments. “all five stepchildren of niang recieved such clothes,where as the clothes that niangs children recieved was much better. The ways inwhich niang believes her step children and children should follow the chinese culture was infact different,which inturn created tension between adeline,her siblings and her step siblings;

“‘Aside from the clothes,’Second brother interrupted, ‘what about our shaven heads? I don’t see Fourth Brother sporting a Buddhist Monk Special! Why, the little princeling has his hair cut at the most fashionable children’s hair stylist on Nanjing Lu. ‘ ” In conclusion,Many things from the chinese traditional culture effected adeline as she was growing up. For without the many chinese customs adeline was made to follow or respect she would not have the same built character as she has developed growing up.

The many events that took place in her life,such as when adeline lost her pet duck whom she called PLT,this duckling was very important to Adeline as it was the runt just like adeline,Adeline felt she had a connection to something who showed love and effection back to her,whereas she felt alot of the time her family did not,adeline felt she had a responsability to take care of this helpless ducking,after PLT died it,even though made adeline upset,taught her to be strong.

Adeline and her siblings were given tough love to prepare them for the future,to teach them they must have respect,obiedience,to teach them that behaviour is very important in chinese culture. I believe that to a very big extent traditional attitudes and values of chinese society were an important part in Adelines life while growing up. latively large family, learnt to become independent, thus resulting after; having been blamed by her siblings for her mothers death, which is seen as a sign as bad luck towards Adeline… which in Chinese culture is an important factor to Chinese values.

Adeline was also numerously treated like an outcast by her siblings , Adeline often feeling neglected by her father, as well as her not being able to have an as fortunate life as the life’s given to her older siblings and step-siblings by Niang, her step mother. I believe this is one of the main factors for Adeline being so successful with her book; her being independent gave her the courage to be an individual and write about her childhood. After Adeline’s mother died giving birth to Adeline, her father re-married to a women named Niang, it was an arrange married.

Niang was quite young and already had children of her own. Niang therefore became Adeline’s step mother. Niang decided to split her and her step children into separate parts of the house, with her children being on the second floor (closest to Niang), and her step children on the first floor.. This made Adeline and her siblings feel less special than Niangs children, thus creating tension in the house. Niang became the ‘head of the house’ (who was in control of the household and children), as Adeline’s father was working most of the time.

This is a classic example to a way in which Chinese traditional values effected Adeline’s childhood, there are many different factors that Chinese culture find important; such as money and respect and success, adelines father strived to achieve all this by working as much as he did, this in turn made Adeline feel unloved by her father as he was never around, adelines father working so much also enabled him to know very little about his children; There is a part in the book where Niang decides to send Adeline to a boarding school in Tianjin (a place in China).

Adeline, her father and Niang were seated waiting for their flight, at the Hong-Qiao airport. While in the aeroplane, Adeline was woken up by her father; Chapter 15, page140) “The stewardess asked me to fill out these cards. I’m afraid I’ve forgotten your Chinese name. Is it Jun-Qing? A pang went through me. I meant so little to him, I was such a nobody that he didn’t even remember my name! ” Through out Adeline’s life she felt ignored and mistreated in her house and family life, which is one of main reasons Adeline enjoyed going to school.

Adeline was the top of her class, often to try get recognition from her father, and had many friends. Without Chinese values affecting Adeline’s childhood she would never had had the childhood that she had and therefore would never had tried to achieve as much in school to get attention, therefore would never had received the education that she did and therefore would not have been as successful as she is. School was a place to Adeline where she could get away from her family life and was praised by her teachers if she did well.

Education is an important factor in Chinese culture, and is meant to be taken seriously, the grades achieved at school determine the occupation one has when they are older. In Chinese culture your job position earns you respect towards your family name and reputation. Adeline’s first day at school left her feeling invisible and unloved; (Chapter 6, page 38 to 41) “After school was let out in the early afternoon, I waited with all the other first-graders by the school gate. One by one they were greeted and led away by their anxiously hovering mothers.

Eventually, I was the only one left. Nobody had come for me” “trembling with fear, I realized that nobody was coming to pick me up” this shows us already she feels forgotten. ” Adeline then proceeded to find her way home by foot “surely if I tried hard enough, I would remember the way home” Adeline eventually found a phone to call her father at work. Little did Adeline know that work is a place of respect. Afterwards father was able to pick Adeline up after not even realizing she was missing in the first place. When they had arrived home;

“he patted me on the head. ‘ next time you go anywhere for the first time’ ‘read this map'” this is an example of how Adeline was influenced to become independent at such a young age. Even though Adeline felt neglected by her father step mother step siblings as well as siblings, two of her closest friends who seemed to appreciate her more was her grandfather yeye, who appreciated all his grandchildren and her aunt baba, who took Adeline in after her mothers death, and cared for her, aunt baba praised Adeline when she would bring home certificates.

the bond between her grandparents was allot more stronger than the bond between Adeline her father and niang, thus also being an example of common tradition of Chinese culture within household families where the parents are not as much affectionate towards their children as their grandparents or distant relatives were because it is the parents turn to be the role-models, it was their job to teach them they must respect their alders they do so by being firm with their children;

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